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Socioeconomic Factors

Canadian Index of Wellbeing: How are Ontarians Really doing?

This report, our first produced provincially, draws on data collected for the CIW’s national report in 2012. In keeping with the CIW’s mission, the report focuses on three principal objectives. First, based on rigorous research, it describes how the quality of life for Ontarians has shifted from 1994 to 2010, and how those shifts compare to all Canadians. Basically, we ask a simple question: “How are Ontarians really Doing?” both overall and within each domain, and in comparison with Canada. Second, it encourages policy makers and government leaders to make decisions based on solid and compelling evidence. Third, it empowers Ontarians to advocate for change that responds to their needs and values. Collectively, we should be asking, “How can we do better?”
Tuesday, April 29, 2014

Health care in Canada: What makes us sick? Canadian Medical Association Town Hall Report | July 2013

Throughout the winter and spring of 2013, the Canadian Medical Association (CMA) conducted wide-ranging consultations to gather input on Canadians’ views on the social determinants of health. Public town hall meetings were held in Winnipeg, Hamilton, Charlottetown, Calgary, Montréal and St. John’s and were accompanied by an online consultation at The process was framed around four questions aimed at determining what factors beyond the health care system influence health, what initiatives offset the negative impact of these determinants, what governments and health care providers should be doing to address these social determinants, and how equal access for all to the health care system can be achieved.
Tuesday, August 6, 2013

Aboriginal Women in Canada

The paper explores the historical and socio-economic context of Aboriginal women's lives that have so profoundly impacted their health and wellbeing. It provides an overview of some of the health disparities between First Nations, Inuit, and Métis women compared with non-Aboriginal women today, and of the barriers that must be overcome to address these disparities. The paper concludes by highlighting some promising examples of legal, policy and program initiatives that have been implemented to address some of these pressing health issues.
Saturday, July 27, 2013

Pathways to Improving Well-being for Indigenous Peoples: How living conditions decide health

This report provides a broad overview of socio-economic determinants of Indigenous health, including income, education, unemployment or working conditions, housing, community and social support, health care access, early childhood influences and education, healthy living, substance use (including alcohol, tobacco, and drugs), nutrition, and social exclusion. It also presents information on current interventions and their effectiveness.
Saturday, July 27, 2013

National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy (NCCHPP)

Our mandate is to increase the expertise of public health actors across Canada in healthy public policy through the development, sharing and use of knowledge. At the NCCHPP, our interest is in Healthy Public Policy, which we understand to mean public policy that potentially enhances populations' health by having a positive impact on the social, economic, and environmental determinants of health.
Monday, December 10, 2012

National Collaborating Centre for Determinants of Health (NCCDH)

We are one of six National Collaborating Centres for Public Health in Canada. Our focus is on the social and economic factors that influence the health of Canadians. We translate and share evidence with public health organizations and practitioners to influence interrelated determinants and advance health equity. The National Collaborating Centre for Determinants of Health (NCCDH) is based in Antigonish, Nova Scotia, and is hosted by St. Francis Xavier University. Our products and services are available and relevant to all organizations that make up the public health sector in Canada, including *Health authorities/health units *Ministries of health and public health agencies (provincial and federal) *Public health associations *The practitioners, decision makers and researchers that work within public health
Monday, December 10, 2012

Registered Dietitians in Aboriginal Communities: Feeding Mind, Body and Spirit. Role Paper of the Dietitians of Canada Aboriginal Nutrition Network. 2012.

Good nutrition is crucial in determining the health and well-being of Aboriginal people in Canada. The economic, social and psychological burden of nutrition-related chronic disease is high. As experts advising on diet, food and nutrition, Registered Dietitians play an important role in helping communities to improve their knowledge of nutrition and to better understand how to make healthy food choices that promote health. This role paper addresses the unique needs of Aboriginal communities in Canada, including food security and the high cost of store-bought food in some communities, social inequalities and the environmental threats to traditional food intake.
Sunday, November 4, 2012

How are Canadians Really Doing? The 2012 CIW Report. Canadian Index of Wellbeing. (2012)

How are Canadians really doing? Is our overall quality of life getting better or worse? Are we getting closer or moving farther away from realizing the kind of Canada we want to live in? The second Canadian Index of Wellbeing (CIW) composite report shows in the seventeen year period from 1994 to 2010, Canada's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) grew by a robust 28.9% while our quality of life only improved by a very modest 5.7%. Further, it reveals Canadian wellbeing dropped by 24% between 2008 and 2010 and the decline in our wellbeing continues despite subsequent economic recovery.
Tuesday, October 23, 2012

Getting Better Health Care: Lessons from (and for) Canada

This handbook examines key achievements and shortcomings of Canada’s health care system. It explores what works well, what doesn’t, and it addresses future challenges to preserving and enhancing health care. What makes the Canadian “approach” so unique is the high value we place on universal accessibility to doctors and hospitals. The founding vision behind Canada’s health care system is simply this: access to medical care should be based on need, not on the ability to pay. [Published July 2006]
Monday, August 13, 2012

How do Sicker Canadians with Chronic Disease Rate the Health Care System?

This bulletin reports the results of the 2011 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey and compares the experiences of sicker Canadians with chronic conditions to those of the general public. Cost was shown to be one of the most significant barriers: 23% of sicker Canadians said they had skipped a dose of medication or did not fill a prescription due to cost, compared to just 10% of the general population. 12% of sicker Canadians reported not visiting a doctor due to cost concerns, compared to just 4% of the general population. Sicker Canadians also fare worse when it comes to the coordination of their care and being engaged in their health care. These issues, as well as recommendations to eliminate the barriers this population faces, are outlined in the bulletin.
Monday, December 12, 2011
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