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The report, titled The War on Drugs and HIV/AIDS: How the Criminalization of Drug Use Fuels the Global Pandemic, reveals that the worldwide supply of illicit opiates, such as heroin, has increased by more than 380% in recent decades. Drug seizures, arrests, criminal convictions and other commonly reported indices of drug law enforcement “success” have actually been ineffective in reducing the availability of illegal drugs. For instance, despite a more than 600% inflation-adjusted increase in the U.S. federal anti-drug budget since the early 1980s, heroin prices in the United States have decreased by approximately 80% during this period. Heroin purity, meanwhile, has increased by more than 900%. Similar patterns of increasing availability, falling prices and increasing potency are seen when data for other drugs, such as cocaine and marijuana, are scrutinized.
This sixth edition of Health at a Glance provides the latest comparable data on different aspects of the performance of health systems in OECD countries. It provides striking evidence of large variations across countries in the costs, activities and results of health systems. For the first time, it also features a chapter on long-term care.
This edition presents data for all OECD member countries. Where possible, it also reports data for Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, the Russian Federation and South Africa, as major non-OECD economies.
Publication announcement at: http://www.oecd.org/document/11/0,3746,en_2649_33929_16502667_1_1_1_1,00.html#HTO
Health Care Without Harm (HCWH) is an international coalition of organizations including hospitals, health care systems, medical professionals, communities and environmental health agencies working to transform health industries so they no longer cause harm to people or the environment. Resources are available covering the following: mercury poisoning, medical waste disposal, building design, pesticides and cleaners, green purchasing, food contamination and justice for all. Some documents link to websites in Europe, Canada and Africa.
The Arctic Health website is a central source for information on all aspects of the Arctic environment and health of northern peoples. The site provides access to information from hundreds of local, state, national and international health agencies, professional societies and universities. The Arctic Health Publications Database has more than 101,000 records and points to specific articles, out of print publications and information from special collections held in the Alaska Medical Library. The website is sponsored by the National Library of Medicine's Division of Specialized Information Services and maintained by the University of Alaska Anchorage's Alaska Medical Library.
AcademyHealth is a professional society for health services researchers and health policy analysts in the United States. As such, it is dedicated to improving the knowledge base for health care decision-making by supporting the professional development of those who conduct and use health services research. AcademyHealth advocates for better tools and funding to do this important work and helps to translate HSR into policy and practice. It also provides educational workshops and webinars on grey literature in conjunction with the National Library of Medicine.
The Codex Alimentarius ("food code" in Latin) is a global information source for food producers, food control agencies, consumers and the food trade. Its influence extends to all continents, and its contribution to protecting public health and fair practices is immeasurable. The Codex is a collection of global standards, codes of practice, guidelines and recommendations in food safety. Its texts are developed by the Codex Commission, a body established in 1963 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and World Health Organization. It aims to protect the health of consumers and to ensure fair practices in the food trade. The Codex is recognized by the World Trade Organization as an international reference for resolution of disputes on food safety.
The Grand Challenges in Global Health initiative is administered by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Wellcome Trust and the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health. The initiative was created to help researchers achieve scientific breakthroughs to treat and cure diseases in the developing world. It provides information on the initiative and its history, the scientific board and its partners, news items and events. Information is available on the Grand Challenges Projects including Improving Childhood Vaccines, Creating New Vaccines, Controlling Insect Vectors, Improving Nutrition, Drug Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Curing Latent and Chronic Infections and Measuring Health Status in Developing Countries.
The Canadian Society for International Health (CSIH) is a non-governmental organization that works to reduce global health inequities. Members share a commitment to global health, research and international development. Its membership includes individuals and organizations from across a spectrum of experiences and disciplines.